Call Today for a FREE In-Home Care Assessment: Call (602) 264-8009
Dementia Program

Stroke Awareness

What is a Stroke?

A stroke is a sudden interruption of blood supply to the brain. It deprives the brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients, and within minutes brain cells begin to die.

Facts

  • 140,000 Americans die from stroke every year
  • 1 out of every 20 deaths is stroke-related
  • Someone has a stroke every 40 seconds
  • Every 4 minutes, someone dies of a stroke

Symptoms

  • Trouble speaking or understanding
  • Paralysis/numbness of one side of the face, arm, or leg
  • Blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes
  • Headache
  • Trouble walking

Types of Stroke

Ischemic Stroke

80% of strokes are ischemic, meaning the arteries to the brain have become narrowed or blocked. There are two types of ischemic strokes:

  • Thrombotic Stroke: a blood clot forms in one of the arteries that supply blood to the brain.
  • Embolic Stroke: a blood clot or other debris forms away from the brain (commonly in the heart) and lodges in narrower brain arteries.

Hemorrhagic Stroke

A hemorrhagic stroke happens when a blood vessel in the brain leaks or ruptures. Types of hemorrhagic strokes include:

  • Intracerebral Hemorrhage: a blood vessel in the brain bursts and spills into surrounding brain tissue which damages the other cells.
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: an artery on or near the surface of the brain bursts and spills into the space between the surface of the brain and skull.

Conditions that affect blood vessels are:

  • Hypertension: uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Blood Thinners: overtreatment with anticoagulants
  • Aneurysms: weak spots in blood vessel walls

Transient Ischemic Attack

A TIA is a temporary period of stroke symptoms caused by a decrease in blood supply the brain. It lasts as little as five minutes.

Preventions

  • Controlling high blood pressure
  • Lowering cholesterol and saturated fat in diets
  • Abstaining from tobacco
  • Controlling diabetes
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Diets rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Regular exercise
  • Drinking little to no alcohol
  • Treating obstructive sleep apnea
  • Abstaining from illegal drugs

Identifying and Responding to a Stroke: F-A-S-T

  • Face – is their face droopy or lopsided? Do they have an uneven smile?
  • Arms – can they lift BOTH of their arms above their shoulders? Any numbness?
  • Speech – is their speech slurred or unclear in anyway?
  • Time – call 911 IMMEDIATELY! The quicker a stroke victim can get help the more the effects can be mitigated.

Education is key to assisting yourself and your loved ones to prevent strokes. Have you or a loved one suffered from stroke and need in-home care? Contact Cypress HomeCare Solutions today.

Posted on July 16, 2018